Gynecology - Osteoporosis - Bone Density Testing
Bone Density Testing
A DXA scan is a test to measure your bone mineral density. DXA scans are performed in our office on the GE Lunar DEXA Densitometer.
The instruction sheet and questionnaire for a DXA scan may be downloaded here.
ISCD (International Society of Clinical Densitometry) indications for BMD testing are:
- All women 65 and older
- Postmenopausal women under 65 with risk factors for osteoporosis *
- Men over 70
- Adults with a fragility fracture
- Adults with a disease/condition associated with low bone mass or bone loss
- Adults taking medication that increases the risk for low bone mass or bone loss
- Anyone being considered for osteoporosis treatment
- Anyone being treated for low bone mass to monitor therapeutic effect
- Anyone not getting treatment who would consider treatment if their BMD showed bone loss
- Major risk factors: maternal history of hip fracture, prior low trauma fracture under 45 years old, long term glucocorticoid treatment.
- Minor risk factors: current smoker, poor self-rated health, long term benzodiazepine use, history of anticonvulsant use, history of hyperparathyroidism, current weight less than that at age 25 years old, height at 25 over 165m, no exercise, over 4 cups of coffee a day, on feet less than 4 hours a day, poor eyesight, resting pulse over 80 bpm, unable to rise from a chair without using arms.