Gynecology - Abnormal Paps
A Pap test is done during a pelvic exam. The Pap test can detect changes in the cervix before they become serious.
Abnormalities on Pap tests are usually caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV.) The HPV vaccine is now given to young women to prevent this infection.
Information from CDC and FDA on the Safety of Gardasil Vaccine
Abnormal Pap tests are usually evaluated by looking at the vagina and cervix under magnification (colposcopy) and abnormal areas are biopsied.
Depending on the result of the biopsy, treatment could include close observation with Pap tests, cryosurgery, LEEP, or hysterectomy.